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Statistics

300,000 children attend A & E in the UK with a head injury per year

How many children are affected by a traumatic brain injury?

  • 35,000 children are then admitted to hospital for a traumatic brain injury per year

Of these admissions:

  • 30,000 will have a mild brain injury
  • 3,000 will have a moderate brain injury and
  • 2,000 will have a severe brain injury

Every year 5 to 6 children per 100,000 children need admission to the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)

Regionally children are treated in the 2 north-east paediatric Trauma Centres:

  • James Cook University Hospital which admits an average of 11 per year
  • Great North Children’s Hospital (previously known as the Newcastle RVI) which admits an average of 13 per year

How many children suffer an atraumatic brain injury each year (ie not caused by trauma) but also needing hospital admission?

  • An estimated 30 per 100 children every year across the UK
  • Non traumatic coma (eg cardiac arrest, encephalitis, metabolic disorder)
  • Brain tumours – 500 per year
  • Stroke – 200/300 per year

(Source Dr Maeve O’Sullivvan, Paediatric Consultant, James Cook University Hospital, October 2015)

Outcome of paediatric acquired brain injury

Research shows that the younger the child at the time of the injury, the greater the possibility of long term difficulties beause:

  • injury to a developing brain, that has not yet established skills and functions, creates increased complexity for treatment and far reaching effects
  • cognitive impairment may only become apparent in teenage years
  • brain injuries are very variable
  • recovery after a traumatic brain injury is often patchy

Common problems after a brain injury show in four areas:

  • physical
  • communicative
  • cognitive and
  • behavioural/emotional

Click below to see the full range of potential problems experienced by children who have experienced a brain injury.

KNOWN DEFICITS OF ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY


"Pediatric neuro-rehabilitation cannot be delivered in isolation. The needs of the child have to be looked at both holistically and within the context of the family unit. Parents need to be empowered to be parents in post-acute pediatric neuro-rehabilitation following brain injury"
The Children's Trust; United Kingdom
"Restoration of anatomical functions and relationships must be done within 2 months of brain injury"
Eyzyon Eisentein; Israel
"We need to harness the power of brain plasticity for treating children and young people with brain injury. Stressful experiences alter brain development of a child, especially at the key ages of 0-3 and at ages 10-16"
Professor Bryan Kolb; Canada
"More play increases brain plasticity and makes for better recovery post brain injury"
Professor Bryan Kolb; Canada
"Children and young people have poor social competence post brain injury due to reduced cognition, executive functions, and emotional control. As a result they are twice as likely to have mental health issues in the future"
James Tonks; University of London
"New parenting support intervention showed how parenting style is related to executive dysfunction in children and young people post brain injury. With support parents cope better so the child has a better recovery"
Andrea Palacio-Navarro; Spain
"Rehabilitation interventions can lead to positive outcomes for children and their families if delivered in the familiar home environment and applied to everyday situations"
Cerebra; United Kingdom
"Poor parenting styles affects children's behavior; increased their learning disability; and had a negative impact on emotions; anxiety; anger management post brain injury"
Andrea Palacio-Navarro; Spain
"We are medical practitioners. The real experts are the parents. Over the last 35 years they have taught me everything I know"
Lucia Braga; Brazil
"NHS clinicians struggle with what intervention to priorities in pediatric neuro-rehabilitation due to limited clinical time and the complexity of needs. Children, clinicians, parents and schools all have different neuro-rehabilitation priorities"
Recolo; United Kingdom

OUR MISSION: To work to remove health inequalities for children & young people affected by acquired brain injury; and provide effective support to their families that makes a real difference.

Council for Disabled Children Lottery Funded