|Physical||Communication||Cognitive||Behavioural / Emotional|
A traumatic brain injury is a life changing and stressful event which may result in adjustment problems also knowns as adjustment disorder. An adjustment disorder may interfere with rehabilitation following a brain injury. Symptoms may include depression, anxiety, trouble sleeping or concentrating, poor decision making etc.
There are effective treatments for adjustment disorder including counselling and cognitive behavioural therapy which is a form of talk therapy. It enables you to replace negative thinking and behaviour with healthier thoughts and behaviour. Joining a support group may also assist. Medication may be used for symptoms like trouble sleeping or anxiety, but talk therapy is the main treatment.
A person with an adjustment disorder should also try to:
"NHS clinicians struggle with what intervention to prioritise in paediatric neuro-rehabilitation due to limited clinical time and the complexity of needs. Children, clinicians, parents and schools all have different neuro-rehabilitation priorities"
"Case management for children and young people post acquired brain injury is 'pivotal' to successful outcomes and must be local"
"Children and young people have poor social competence post brain injury due to reduced cognition, executive functions, and emotional control. As a result they are twice as likely to have mental health issues in the future"
"We would like to see earlier identification and support for children with brain injuries to help them succeed in school."
"More play increases brain plasticity and makes for better recovery post brain injury"
"Taking brain injured children home causes high stress for families. Disjointed services exacerbate family stress levels."
"Brain development is complex and prolonged. Brain plasticity is influenced by a range of factors. Plasticity provides a base for neuro-rehab therapies and treatment"
"Pediatric neuro-rehabilitation cannot be delivered in isolation. The needs of the child have to be looked at both holistically and within the context of the family unit. Parents need to be empowered to be parents in post-acute pediatric neuro-rehabilitation following brain injury"
"Families need to be properly supported as 'resilience' is key to delivering successful outcomes for children and young people."
"Our 10 year study proves that family-led home-based neuro-rehab interventions deliver the best outcomes for children and young people"