|Physical||Communication||Cognitive||Behavioural / Emotional|
Following a brain injury, many people experience impairments in their executive functioning, affecting their sense of judgment and insight. Lack of insight can result in a person with a brain injury placing themselves in situations of danger which they do not perceive. They may not understand another person’s ill intentions or even potential for hostility towards them.
When the ability to make good choices is impaired, some people are particularly susceptible to the influence of friends and family. For people with a brain injury, peer influence can be a major factor that can have both positive and negative effects.
A person with a brain injury may lose contact with their friends pre-injury and then seek new relationships resulting in them being under more pressure to ‘fit in’.
Substance or alcohol abuse can be a potential problem for individuals following a brain injury. Some people may turn to alcohol or drugs to cope with pain, depression, or anxiety, but often these substances only make the problems worse and interfere with a person’s recovery.
Risk taking does seem to naturally improve with time post-injury as part of the ongoing recovery process. Rehabilitation can be undertaken to help a person with a brain injury to identify risks and dangers and develop strategies to mitigate or deal with them.
"Children and young people have poor social competence post brain injury due to reduced cognition, executive functions, and emotional control. As a result they are twice as likely to have mental health issues in the future"
"We would like to see earlier identification and support for children with brain injuries to help them succeed in school."
"Healthy teens are better at identifying strategies to deal with barriers. KIDS WITH ABI'S CAN'T!"
"New parenting support intervention showed how parenting style is related to executive dysfunction in children and young people post brain injury. With support parents cope better so the child has a better recovery"
"Our 10 year study proves that family-led home-based neuro-rehab interventions deliver the best outcomes for children and young people"
"Strength-based family intervention after pediatric ABI is essential. Parents need to be equipped with the skills to cope and advocate for the child."
"Case management for children and young people post acquired brain injury is 'pivotal' to successful outcomes and must be local"
"Poor parenting styles affects children's behavior; increased their learning disability; and had a negative impact on emotions; anxiety; anger management post brain injury"
"Positive and coordinated neuro-rehab interventions for children and young people is prove to bring health improvements; improve independence; a decline in the need for sheltered living; decreases vulnerability; decreases drop-out rates in schools; decreases youth offending"
"Too often children and young people with ABI are discharged from hospital without specialist brain support that they and their families need to overcome lifelong challenges"