|Physical||Communication||Cognitive||Behavioural / Emotional|
Communication deficits are often characterized by difficulty in understanding or producing speech correctly (aphasia), slurred speech consequent to weak muscles (dysarthria), and/or difficulty in programming oral muscles for speech production (apraxia). It may be an effort for individuals with ABI to understand both written and spoken messages; they may behave as if they are trying to comprehend a foreign language. They may also have difficulty with spelling, writing, and reading. Some individuals may also have difficulty in social communication, such as difficulty taking turns in conversation and problems maintaining a topic of conversation. Individuals with TBI may have little or no awareness of just how inappropriate their behaviours are.
"Healthy teens are better at identifying strategies to deal with barriers. KIDS WITH ABI'S CAN'T!"
"Strength-based family intervention after pediatric ABI is essential. Parents need to be equipped with the skills to cope and advocate for the child."
"We would like to see earlier identification and support for children with brain injuries to help them succeed in school."
"Poor parenting styles affects children's behavior; increases their learning disability; and has a negative impact on emotions; anxiety; anger management post brain injury"
"Thousands of children and young people living in the UK today without the help and support that can make a huge difference to their lives"
"Case management for children and young people post acquired brain injury is 'pivotal' to successful outcomes and must be local"
"There are problems with getting people into neuro-rehab centres. Those most in need are often those most excluded due to a lack of socio-economic resources."
"Parent-supported interventions after pediatric ABI bring reductions to the cost to society"
"More play increases brain plasticity and makes for better recovery post brain injury"
"Restoration of anatomical functions and relationships must be done within 2 months of brain injury"