|Physical||Communication||Cognitive||Behavioural / Emotional|
Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing food or liquids) is one of the most common health challenges following a TBI. The nerve centres controlling swallowing within the brain may be damaged, or the person with the condition may have cognitive problems and no longer understand what food is or how to eat and swallow food. Dysphagia may result in choking and aspirating (inhaling) food into the lungs which can result in pneumonia.
Treatments for dysphagia include:
In time most patients who have suffered Traumatic Brain Injury can regain their swallowing reflex.
"Rehabilitation interventions can lead to positive outcomes for children and their families if delivered in the familiar home environment and applied to everyday situations"
"When different organisations assess different aspects of a child's neuro-rehabilitation needs, everyone looks at things from a different perspective and have conflicting priorities"
"Parent-supported interventions after paediatric ABI bring reductions to the cost to society"
"Children and young people have poor social competence post brain injury due to reduced cognition, executive functions, and emotional control. As a result they are twice as likely to have mental health issues in the future"
"Participation in teen sports and normal activities leads to improved quality of life for children and young people post brain injury and helps to maximise outcomes"
"More play increases brain plasticity and makes for better recovery post brain injury"
"There are problems with getting people into neuro-rehab. Those most in need are often those most excluded due to a lack of socio-economic resources."
"Families need to be properly supported as 'resilience' is key to delivering successful outcomes for children and young people."
"Intensive and individualized approaches work. A one-size-fits-all approach doesn't. You have to make it relevant to the child."