NHS Statistics

300,000 children attend A & E in the UK with a head injury every year

making traumatic brain injury (TBI) the biggest cause of death and disability in children and young people!

 

How many children are affected by a traumatic brain injury in our area?

In one year – 2018/19

  • 1,415 children aged 0-15 sustained a traumatic brain injury.  
  • The majority had no loss of consciousness
  • 583 young people aged 16-25 sustained a traumatic brain injury
  • The majority had no loss of consciousness

That is almost 2000 children and young people living with the hidden effects of a traumatic brain injury in ONE year.  Times that by 10 years and it becomes a significant number.

Children also suffer A-traumatic brain injuries each year (i.e. not caused by trauma) but also needing hospital admission

  • An estimated 30 / 100 children are affected every year across the UK.   (Source Dr M O’Sullivan, Paediatric Consultant, The James Cook University Hospital, 2015) 
  • Thus of the 51,000 children aged 0-15 who live locally, an additional 150 (approx) will be admitted for:
  • Non traumatic coma (eg cardiac arrest, encephalitis, metabolic disorder)
  • Brain tumours 
  • Stroke 

Outcome of paediatric acquired brain injury (both traumatic and A-traumatic)

Research shows that the younger the child at the time of the injury, the greater the possibility of long term difficulties because:

  • injury to a developing brain, that has not yet established skills and functions, creates increased complexity and far reaching effects
  • cognitive impairment may only become apparent in teenage years when they fall behind their peers
  • brain injuries are very variable in terms of symptom duration, disabling effect and life impact
  • recovery after a traumatic brain injury is often patchy

We believe this is down to a lack of awareness and understanding across a range of community professionals and a lack of knowledgeable support to aid recovery.

Common problems after a brain injury show in four distinct areas:

  • physical
  • communicative
  • cognitive and
  • behavioural/emotional

Click below to see the full range of potential problems experienced by children who have experienced a brain injury.

KNOWN DEFICITS OF ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY


"Taking brain injured children home causes high stress for families. Disjointed services exacerbate family stress levels."
Deborah Andrews; New Zealand
"With support parents cope better so the child has a better recovery"
Andrea Palacio-Navarro; Spain
"Different 'experts' involved in paediatric neuro-rehabilitation come from different organisational cultures which causes conflict and has a negative effect on the outcomes for the child."
Barbara O'Connell; Ireland
"When different organisations assess different aspects of a child's neuro-rehabilitation needs, everyone looks at things from a different perspective and have conflicting priorities"
Cathy Jonson; Rehab without Walls; United Kingdom.
"Rehabilitation interventions can lead to positive outcomes for children and their families if delivered in the familiar home environment and applied to everyday situations"
Cerebra; United Kingdom
"Families need to be properly supported as 'resilience' is key to delivering successful outcomes for children and young people."
Roberta De Pompeii; USA
Child 1 - Aged 14 and 3 years after a traumatic brain injury
2019 2020 Change
REASONING 301/800 426/800   +  125
MEMORY 181/800 304/800   +  123
ATTENTION 463/800 573/800   +  110
COORDINATION 47/800 309/800   +  262
PERCEPTION 158/800 374/800   +  216
"There are problems with getting people into neuro-rehab. Those most in need are often those most excluded due to a lack of socio-economic resources."
Vicki Anderson; Australia
"Children and young people have poor social competence post brain injury due to reduced cognition, executive functions, and emotional control. As a result they are twice as likely to have mental health issues in the future"
James Tonks; University of London
"We need to harness the power of brain plasticity for treating children and young people with brain injury, especially at the key ages of 0-3 and at ages 10-16"
Professor Bryan Kolb; Canada

OUR MISSION: To work to remove inequalities for children & young people affected by acquired brain injury; and provide effective support to their families that makes a real difference.

Council for Disabled Children Community Funded Charity Excellence Lottery Funded Youth Foundation BBC CiN