(Source Dr M O’Sullivan, Paediatric Consultant, James Cook University Hospital, October 2015)
Research shows that the younger the child at the time of the injury, the greater the possibility of long term difficulties because:
Common problems after a brain injury show in four areas:
Click below to see the full range of potential problems experienced by children who have experienced a brain injury.
"Different 'experts' involved in pediatric neuro-rehabilitation come from different organisational cultures which causes conflict and has a negative effect on the outcomes for the child."
"Families and professionals spend time focusing on the negative aspects of ABI. Families need to be properly supported as 'resilience' is key to delivering successful outcomes for children and young people."
"New parenting support intervention showed how parenting style is related to executive dysfunction in children and young people post brain injury. With support parents cope better so the child has a better recovery"
"Poor parenting styles affects children's behavior; increases their learning disability; and has a negative impact on emotions; anxiety; anger management post brain injury"
"NHS clinicians struggle with what intervention to prioritise in paediatric neuro-rehabilitation due to limited clinical time and the complexity of needs. Children, clinicians, parents and schools all have different neuro-rehabilitation priorities"
"More play increases brain plasticity and makes for better recovery post brain injury"
"We need to harness the power of brain plasticity for treating children and young people with brain injury. Stressful experiences alter brain development of a child, especially at the key ages of 0-3 and at ages 10-16"
"We would like to see earlier identification and support for children with brain injuries to help them succeed in school."
"Pediatric neuro-rehabilitation cannot be delivered in isolation. The needs of the child have to be looked at both holistically and within the context of the family unit. Parents need to be empowered to be parents in post-acute pediatric neuro-rehabilitation following brain injury"
"Case management for children and young people post acquired brain injury is 'pivotal' to successful outcomes and must be local"