NHS Statistics

300,000 children attend A & E in the UK with a head injury per year

How many children are affected by a traumatic brain injury?

  • 35,000 children are admitted to hospital for a traumatic brain injury per year.  Of these:
  • 30,000 will have a mild brain injury
  • 3,000 will have a moderate brain injury and
  • 2,000 will have a severe brain injury

How many children suffer an atraumatic brain injury each year (i.e. not caused by trauma) but also needing hospital admission?

  • An estimated 30 / 100 children every year across the UK.  Causes:
  • Non traumatic coma (eg cardiac arrest, encephalitis, metabolic disorder)
  • Brain tumours – 500 per year
  • Stroke – 200/300 per year

(Source Dr M O’Sullivan, Paediatric Consultant, James Cook University Hospital, October 2015)

Outcome of paediatric acquired brain injury

Research shows that the younger the child at the time of the injury, the greater the possibility of long term difficulties because:

  • injury to a developing brain, that has not yet established skills and functions, creates increased complexity for treatment and far reaching effects
  • cognitive impairment may only become apparent in teenage years
  • brain injuries are very variable
  • recovery after a traumatic brain injury is often patchy

Common problems after a brain injury show in four areas:

  • physical
  • communicative
  • cognitive and
  • behavioural/emotional

Click below to see the full range of potential problems experienced by children who have experienced a brain injury.

KNOWN DEFICITS OF ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY


"Different 'experts' involved in pediatric neuro-rehabilitation come from different organisational cultures which causes conflict and has a negative effect on the outcomes for the child."
Barbara O'Connell; Ireland
"Families and professionals spend time focusing on the negative aspects of ABI. Families need to be properly supported as 'resilience' is key to delivering successful outcomes for children and young people."
Roberta De Pompeii; USA
"New parenting support intervention showed how parenting style is related to executive dysfunction in children and young people post brain injury. With support parents cope better so the child has a better recovery"
Andrea Palacio-Navarro; Spain
"Poor parenting styles affects children's behavior; increases their learning disability; and has a negative impact on emotions; anxiety; anger management post brain injury"
Andrea Palacio-Navarro; Spain
"NHS clinicians struggle with what intervention to prioritise in paediatric neuro-rehabilitation due to limited clinical time and the complexity of needs. Children, clinicians, parents and schools all have different neuro-rehabilitation priorities"
Recolo; United Kingdom
"More play increases brain plasticity and makes for better recovery post brain injury"
Professor Bryan Kolb; Canada
"We need to harness the power of brain plasticity for treating children and young people with brain injury. Stressful experiences alter brain development of a child, especially at the key ages of 0-3 and at ages 10-16"
Professor Bryan Kolb; Canada
"We would like to see earlier identification and support for children with brain injuries to help them succeed in school."
Dalton Leong; Chief Executive of the Children's Trust
"Pediatric neuro-rehabilitation cannot be delivered in isolation. The needs of the child have to be looked at both holistically and within the context of the family unit. Parents need to be empowered to be parents in post-acute pediatric neuro-rehabilitation following brain injury"
The Children's Trust; United Kingdom
"Case management for children and young people post acquired brain injury is 'pivotal' to successful outcomes and must be local"
Deborah Andrews; New Zealand

OUR MISSION: To work to remove inequalities for children & young people affected by acquired brain injury; and provide effective support to their families that makes a real difference.

Council for Disabled Children Charity Excellence Lottery Funded